Markus has clinical experience as a GP Partner in London and as a Clinician in palliative medicine at Sir Michael Sobell House Hospice in Oxford. His clinical interest focusses on patients suffering from heart failure.
As a NIHR Postdoctoral Clinical Researcher, he received some funding
- to investigate the optimisation of advance care planning (ACP) in heart failure
- to develop a NIHR RfPB funding application for a feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial to inform a future full RCT
- to present results at national and international meetings to publicise and promote the research
In his DPhil (PhD) studies with the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, he
- Applied mixed methods to investigate and develop a complex intervention to optimise the implementation of ACP in heart failure
- Utilised three systematic literature reviews, two meta-analyses (PRISMA and CONSORT guidelines), one narrative synthesis (ENTREQ guidelines), one interview study and one focus group study underpinned by the MRC framework approach for the development and evaluation of complex interventions
- Analysed quantitative and qualitative data by using random effects meta-analyses, the Cochrane risk of bias tools, GRADE analysis, sensitivity and subgroup analyses to investigate heterogeneity, the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR), Michie’s behaviour change wheel, the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), thematic analysis, the SURE framework, the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group and the Behavioural Change Techniques (BCTTv1) Taxonomies
- Worked closely together with patients and members of the public at all stages of the research over a three year period; iteratively co-designed four distinct intervention components: patient-led question prompt list, shared decision-making tool in form of a choices of care table, clinician-owned reminder template and expert training on how to use the intervention
As a MSc Supervisor, he
- Supervised MSc students from Centre for Evidence Based Health Care, University of Oxford, pre and dissertation stage, assisting in the selection of appropriate research topics and methodologies
- Guided students through the MSc programme, giving feedback on course work, and reviewing drafts of the thesis before final submission
Schichtel M, Wee B, Perera R, Onakpoya I, Albury C, Barber S. (2019) Clinician-targeted interventions to improve advance care planning in heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Heart; doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2019-314758
Schichtel M, Wee B, MacArtney JI, Collins S. (2019) Clinician barriers and facilitators to heart failure advance care plans: a systematic literature review and qualitative evidence synthesis. BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care; doi:10.1136/ bmjspcare-2018-001747
Schichtel M, Rose P, Sellers C. (2013). Educational interventions for primary health care professionals to promote the early diagnosis of cancer: a systematic review. Education for Primary Care; 24,4.pp.21-39.
Merriman, H., Schichtel, M. (2011).A guide to preparation for appraisal and revalidation for sessional GPs. Education for Primary Care; 22, 2: pp.113-11.
Schichtel, M. (2010). Core-competence skills in e-mentoring for medical educators: A conceptual exploration. Medical Teacher; 32: pp. 248 -262.
Schichtel, M. (2009).A conceptual description of e-mentoring scenarios in General Practice Specialist Training; Education for Primary Care; 20, pp. 1-5.
Schichtel, M. (2008).Core-competence skills in e-mentoring for GP educators. Cardiff: Department of Medical and Dental Education, Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff University.
Schichtel, M., Brown, T., Rajapaksa, S., and Isles, M. (2008). Application of e-learning in medical education. The e-cycle of reflective practice; Prague: AMEE conference proceedings. Abstr 4XPS, p. 132.
His research is supported by an advisory group of patients with heart failure and members of the public. They are involved in writing funding applications, developing research documents, recruitment approaches, developing the intervention and helping sharing of the findings.